Dating musical instruments

By the Middle Ages, instruments from Mesopotamia were in maritime Southeast Asia, and Europeans played instruments from North Africa.Development in the Americas occurred at a slower pace, but cultures of North, Central, and South America shared musical instruments.A player sounding a flute to signal the start of a hunt does so without thought of the modern notion of "making music".

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The flutes were made in the Upper Paleolithic age, and are more commonly accepted as being the oldest known musical instruments.

Archaeological evidence of musical instruments was discovered in excavations at the Royal Cemetery in the Sumerian city of Ur.

These instruments, one of the first ensembles of instruments yet discovered, include nine lyres ( the Lyres of Ur), two harps, a silver double flute, sistra and cymbals.

A set of reed-sounded silver pipes discovered in Ur was the likely predecessor of modern bagpipes.

Musical instruments evolved in step with changing applications.

The date and origin of the first device considered a musical instrument is disputed.In July 1995, Slovenian archaeologist Ivan Turk discovered a bone carving in the northwest region of Slovenia.The carving, named the Divje Babe Flute, features four holes that Canadian musicologist Bob Fink determined could have been used to play four notes of a diatonic scale.The academic study of musical instruments is called organology.The concept of melody and the artistic pursuit of musical composition were unknown to early players of musical instruments.These excavations, carried out by Leonard Woolley in the 1920s, uncovered non-degradable fragments of instruments and the voids left by the degraded segments that, together, have been used to reconstruct them.

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